შეამოწმეთ თქვენი ცოდნა

შეამოწმეთ თქვენი ცოდნა

საქართველოს იუსტიციის უმაღლესი საბჭო

საქართველოს იუსტიციის უმაღლესი საბჭო

იუსტიციის უმაღლესი სკოლა

იუსტიციის უმაღლესი სკოლა

საქართველოს ადვოკატთა ასოციაცია

საქართველოს ადვოკატთა ასოციაცია

საქართველოს საერთო სასამართლოების მოსამართლეთა სადისციპლინო კოლეგია

საქართველოს საერთო სასამართლოების მოსამართლეთა სადისციპლინო კოლეგია

კოალიცია დამოუკიდებელი და გამჭვირვალე მართლმსაჯულებისათვის

კოალიცია დამოუკიდებელი და გამჭვირვალე მართლმსაჯულებისათვის

ბიზნეს სამართლის ეროვნული ცენტრი

ბიზნეს სამართლის ეროვნული ცენტრი

დავის ალტერნატიული გადაწყვეტის ეროვნული ცენტრი

დავის ალტერნატიული გადაწყვეტის ეროვნული ცენტრი

საარბიტრაჟო ინიციატივა საქართველო

საარბიტრაჟო ინიციატივა საქართველო

Gender and the Law Chair (ka)

Introduction

The East-West Management Institute (EWMI), with funding from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), is implementing the Promoting Rule of Law in Georgia (PROLoG) activity, the overall goal of which is to strengthen Georgia’s justice system to ensure due process, judicial independence, and the protection of human rights. A key cross-cutting theme of PROLoG, in accordance with Georgia’s National Human Rights Strategy, is to promote gender equality, the protection of women’s rights, and the prevention of domestic violence. In order to ensure that PROLoG-supported activities appropriately address these issues, EWMI-PROLoG seeks to establish a Gender and the Law Chair at one or more Georgian universities by providing a teaching and research grant award to selected universities.  The grant will also provide some limited funds for part-time researchers to support the Chair in his/her teaching, research, and outreach efforts.  

Background

According to the official statistics in 2013, there were 2,345,000 women and 2,138,000 men in Georgia; more than half of the country’s population is women.[1] Women constitute more than half of the students in high schools and universities, they play an active role in civic initiatives, and they constitute around 46% of the labor force.[2]  However, strong gender stereotypes still play an important role in determining the status of women and girls in the society. Spheres like politics and law enforcement are dominated by men. Women do not enjoy the same level of participation in decision-making, since they are underrepresented in leadership positions both in the public and private sectors.

 

Georgian legislation provides a solid foundation for gender equality and equitable application of the law.  However, those who are responsible for implementing the law often lack understanding of gender issues. Subject to traditional beliefs, police officers and legal professionals sometimes fail to ensure adequate protection and equal opportunity for women.  There are cases when judicial decisions indirectly strengthen the subordination of women to men on cases that, at first sight, have nothing to do with gender equality.[3] Women’s access to justice is often more problematic than that of men due to the lack of awareness, cultural restrictions to act independently from men, and/or limited financial resources to cover court fees.  As statistical data proves, traditional gender roles considerably influence the gender configuration within the legal community. While there is gender parity among judges, law enforcement agencies are entirely male-dominated. More female lawyers find it comfortable to practice civil/administrative law, whereas more male lawyers practice criminal law.  Even in the judiciary system, where almost half of judges are women, women are minimally represented in leadership positions. Disparity is more significant when it comes to the number of women occupying managerial or decision-making positions in the prosecutors’ office. 

 

PROLoG aims to facilitate the closing of gender gaps and promote improved gender equality and effective protection of women by the justice system.   A necessary first step toward this goal is to raise the awareness of Georgia’s legal professionals of the existence and nature of gender bias in the legal system.  PROLoG’s mapping of Georgia law school curriculum indicates that there are currently no Georgia law schools that offer a Gender and the Law course to their students.   If there is legal scholarship being pursued in the area, it is of a minimal amount.  

Proposed Activities: (Recipients must at minimum conduct the activities listed below but are encouraged to propose additional activities they think will support the overall goal of promoting gender equality and supporting gender and the law studies.)

1.      Develop and Teach Course on Gender and the Law – The Chair, in consultation with PROLoG, will develop and deliver a model law school course on Gender and the Law at a Georgian law school.  The course will be a semester in-length and be designed to teach students the history and current state of gender bias in laws and legal decisions, both in Georgia and internationally. It will ask the hard questions about what gender equality looks like and how the law can help achieve it. Issues covered by the course could include: employment law, education and athletics, pregnancy, family, rape, sexual harassment, reproductive control, lesbian/gay/transgender legal issues, prostitution, and pornography. It will also examine how practices and procedures in the courts of Georgia affect male and female criminal and civil litigants differently. At the end of the course, students should be expected to: 1) Look for the gender implications in a law or set of laws; 2) Be able to discuss the fundamental issues in equality law; 3) Understand basic terms, including the difference between sex and gender; 4) Articulate feelings about sex equality in the law; and 5) Explain different perspectives on the proper way to attain gender equality within or outside of the legal system. The course can be taught at either the undergraduate or graduate level.  It will include the development of curriculum, lesson plans and materials. It will initially be delivered as a pilot with the expectation that with revision it will become a standard elective course offering. 

2.      Conduct Professor Workshops on Gender and the Law – The Chair, in cooperation with PROLoG, will deliver at least two workshops explaining the newly developed Gender and the Law course to interested university professors from around the country.  The goal will to be to promote the model course and help other university professors introduce and deliver the same types of courses at their universities.  Special attention may be given to regional departments and faculty.

3.      Engage in Research and Writing - In cooperation with PROLoG, the Chair will engage in research and writing on gender issues.  This may include field or analytical research.  The Chair should publish at least one significant scholarly article on the topic per academic year but a higher level of academic output will be highly encouraged.  The Chair will ideally promote and oversee other individuals’ efforts – both students and faculty, in research and writing as well.

4.      Participate in Events – The Chair is expected participate in public discussions, lectures and conferences on gender-related issues to raise awareness and highlight needed legal reforms.

5.      Build Strategic Partnerships – The Chair will build strategic partnerships with organizations working on gender studies and policies in Georgia. The Chair should serve as a conduit for the exchange of ideas information between academia, civil society, and government.

Gender and the Law Chair Elements

The Chair could be an associate professor, a full professor, or adjunct professor.  The Chair may be provided the ability to hire postgraduate students and pay them on a part-time basis to provide research and logistical support for the Chair’s activities.

Eligibility

Any state or private Georgian university having a law faculty that is legally registered under Georgian law may apply.

Duration of Grant

The grant will be for 18 months in duration with a possibility of extension.   

Grant Amount

PROLoG will consider university grant funding requests up to $20,000 for an 18 month Chair.  In addition to the Chairperson’s honorarium, project budgets could include an item to support part-time graduate researchers, reasonable office expenses, and indirect cost for the school to support the Chair’s activities.     

Selection Process

EWMI – PROLoG will select which university to support for the Chair based on the following criteria:

  • The CV and overall work experience of the proposed holder of the Chair, taking into account the proposed Chair’s demonstrated interest in and commitment to promoting gender equality, teaching and academic qualifications, and references (three references should be provided).
  • The university’s commitment to promoting gender equality and supporting the Chair both during and after PROLoG’s support.  This will be demonstrated through other gender equality studies and activities supported at the university, as well as proposed cost-share such as the provision of office space and other tangible support for the holder of the Chair, and a plan for how the Chair may continue to be supported after the end of the 18 months support from PROLoG.
  • The activities, studies, and initiatives that the university and Chair intend to undertake during the course of PROLoG support to implement the above outlined objectives for the Chair.  This will be demonstrated through an outline or work plan describing how the envisioned activities will be accomplished
  • EWMI reserves the right to fund any or none of the proposals submitted.

 

List of Required Documents

Interested universities should submit a three-page statement of interest, the CV of the proposed holder of the Chair, a one to two page letter of interest from the proposed holder, contact information for three references for the proposed holder, a first year program of activities for the holder of the   Chair, and an accompanying budget of costs that will be covered by the program and costs that will be covered by the university.  All documents must be submitted in English. EWMI PROLoG may require additional information from applicants before making an award.  

 

Competition Timeline

 

Competition Announcement:  August 15, 2015

Deadline for Statement of Interest Submission:  15, September 2015

 

Contact Information

 

EWMI PROLoG is located at 5 Marjanishvili Str 0102 Tbilisi, Georgia, Tel/Fax (995 32) 2505404. The contact person for this competition is Mariam Vardosanidze, at mvardosanidze@ewmi.org  E-mails must have “Gender Chair” in the subject line. Faxed SOI’s will not be accepted.

 


[1] Women and Men in Georgia: Statistical Publication. National Statistics Office of Georgia. Tbilisi 2013. Page 5

[2] Ibid. Page 51

[3] See Assessment of Citizens’ Property Rights in Georgia. LANDESA – Rural Development Institute. Commissioned by USAID/JILEP.

September 2013. Page 28

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